Investigations and stories about pardons, access to justice, its independence -or lack of it-, and the most relevant judicial decisions.

One small step for a few, one giant leap for the rest: how to become a European citizen

European Union countries naturalised just 2.64% of their non-national population in 2022. The process is full of obstacles and often takes years.

Stranger in a native land

One third of the people Spain and Italy naturalised in 2022 were born there to foreign parents. In these countries, as in most of the European Union, such children must apply for citizenship after several years of residence. Other countries, such as Germany, recognise them as citizens at birth if the childā€™s parents are legal residents.